Select any two GPUs for comparison
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Gaming Performance Comparison

Recommended System Requirements
Game Radeon HD 5850 MSI Twin Frozr II 1GB Edition Radeon HD 7790 MSI 1GB OC Edition
Cyberpunk 2077 232% 217%
Hitman 3 332% 312%
Resident Evil 8 232% 217%
Assassins Creed: Valhalla 204% 189%
FIFA 21 68% 60%
Grand Theft Auto VI 368% 345%
Call of Duty: Black Ops Cold War 194% 180%
Genshin Impact 232% 217%
Far Cry 6 381% 358%
The Medium 315% 295%

In terms of overall gaming performance, the graphical capabilities of the AMD Radeon HD 7790 MSI 1GB OC Edition are marginally better than the AMD Radeon HD 5850 MSI Twin Frozr II 1GB Edition.

The HD 7790 has a 325 MHz higher core clock speed but 16 fewer Texture Mapping Units than the HD 5850. The lower TMU count doesn't matter, though, as altogether the HD 7790 manages to provide 6.6 GTexel/s better texturing performance. This still holds weight but shader performance is generally more relevant, particularly since both of these GPUs support at least DirectX 10.

The HD 7790 has a 325 MHz higher core clock speed than the HD 5850, but the HD 5850 has 16 more Render Output Units than the HD 7790. As a result, the HD 5850 exhibits a 6.4 GPixel/s better Pixel Fill Rate than the HD 7790. However, both GPUs support DirectX 9 or above, and pixeling performance is only really relevant when comparing older cards.

The HD 7790 was released over three years more recently than the HD 5850, and so the HD 7790 is likely to have far better driver support, meaning it will be much more optimized and ultimately superior to the HD 5850 when running the latest games.

The Radeon HD 5850 MSI Twin Frozr II 1GB Edition and the Radeon HD 7790 MSI 1GB OC Edition have the same amount of video memory, but are likely to provide slightly different experiences when displaying game textures at high resolutions.

The HD 5850 has 32 GB/sec greater memory bandwidth than the HD 7790, which means that the memory performance of the HD 5850 is noticeably better than the HD 7790.

The Radeon HD 5850 MSI Twin Frozr II 1GB Edition has 1440 Shader Processing Units and the Radeon HD 7790 MSI 1GB OC Edition has 896. However, the actual shader performance of the HD 5850 is 522 and the actual shader performance of the HD 7790 is 941. The HD 7790 having 419 better shader performance is not particularly notable, as altogether the HD 5850 performs better when taking into account other relevant data.

The HD 7790 transistor size technology is 12 nm (nanometers) smaller than the HD 5850. This means that the HD 7790 is expected to run slightly cooler and achieve higher clock frequencies than the HD 5850. While they exhibit similar graphical performance, the HD 7790 should consume less power than the HD 5850.

The Radeon HD 5850 MSI Twin Frozr II 1GB Edition requires 151 Watts to run but there is no entry for the Radeon HD 7790 MSI 1GB OC Edition. We would recommend a PSU with at least 500 Watts for the HD 5850 and a PSU with at least 450 Watts for the HD 7790. The HD 5850 has been recommended a PSU with 50 Watts more than the HD 7790. The difference is significant enough that the HD 5850 may have a slight adverse affect on your yearly electricity bills in comparison to the HD 7790.

Game FPS Benchmarks On Ultra

GPU Architecture

Core Speed725 MHzvs1050 MHz
Boost Clock-vs-
ArchitectureTerascale 2 Cypress PROGCN 1.0 Bonaire XT
OC Potential Fair vs Fair
Driver Support Poor vs -
Release Date30 Sep 2009vs22 Mar 2013
GPU LinkGD LinkGD Link
Approved
Comparison

Resolution Performance

1366x768 - green tick vs green tick -
1600x900
7.4
vs green tick
7.8
1920x1080
5.8
vs green tick
5.9
2560x1440
3.9
vs green tick
4.2
3840x2160 - vs green tick
2.5

GPU Memory

Memory1024 MBvs1024 MB
Memory Speed1000 MHzvs1500 MHz
Memory Bus256 Bitvs128 Bit
Memory TypeGDDR5vsGDDR5
Memory Bandwidth128GB/secvs96GB/sec
L2 Cache 512 KB green tick vs green tick 512 KB
Delta Color Compression no vs no
Memory Performance 0% green tick vs green tick 0%
Comparison

GPU Display

Shader Processing Units1440vs896
Actual Shader Performance25%vs45%
Technology40nmvs28nm
Texture Mapping Units72vs56
Texture Rate52.2 GTexel/svs58.8 GTexel/s
Render Output Units32vs16
Pixel Rate23.2 GPixel/svs16.8 GPixel/s
Comparison

GPU Outputs

Max Digital Resolution (WxH)2560x1600vs2560x1600
VGA Connections0vs0
DVI Connections2vs2
HDMI Connections1vs1
DisplayPort Connections-vs-
Comparison

GPU Power Requirements

Max Power151 Watts-
Recommended PSU500 Watts & 37 Ampsvs450 Watts

GPU Features

DirectX11.0vs11.1
Shader Model5.0vs5.0
Open GL4.3vs4.2
Open CL-vs-
Notebook GPUnono
SLI/Crossfireyesvsyes
Dedicatedyesvsyes
Comparison

GPU Supporting Hardware

Recommended ProcessorIntel Core i7-860 Quad 2.80GHzvsIntel Core i3-3250 3.5GHz
Recommended RAM8 GBvs8 GB
Maximum Recommended Gaming Resolution1920x1080vs1600x900

Gaming Performance Value

Performance Value

GPU Mini Review

Mini ReviewOverview
Radeon HD 5850 MSI Twin Frozr II 1GB Edition is a special edition of AMD's High-End RRadeon HD 5850, created by MSI.

Overclock: Central Unit
The Central Unit runs at the same speed.

Overclock: Memory Clock
The Operating Memory Clock and the Frame Buffer Remain the same.

Cooling Solution
The Cooling System is now the Twin Frozr II Thermal Design, which is 12? cooler compared to reference cooling.

Performance
Without any overclocking out of the box, Radeon HD 5850 MSI Twin Frozr II 1GB Edition is as fast as the reference Radeon HD 5850.
Radeon HD 7790 MSI 1GB OC Edition is a special edition of the performance Radeon HD 7790.
This edition comes with a custom cooling solution and comes overclocked out of the box in the core-clock to 1050MHz.
Benchmarks indicate a 2% performance boost when compared to the reference card.
Recommended CPU
Possible GPU Upgrades
GPU Variants
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