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Gaming Performance Comparison

Recommended System Requirements
Game Phenom II X4 830 Core 2 Quad Q9400 2.66GHz
Red Dead Redemption 2 128% 136%
Cyberpunk 2077 94% 101%
Doom Eternal 88% 94%
Dragon Ball Z Kakarot 72% 79%
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 69% 75%
Microsoft Flight Simulator 148% 157%
FIFA 20 63% 69%
Grand Theft Auto VI 210% 221%
Star Wars: Jedi - Fallen Order 152% 161%
Need For Speed Heat 93% 100%

In terms of overall gaming performance, the AMD Phenom II X4 830 is marginally better than the Intel Core 2 Quad Q9400 2.66GHz when it comes to running the latest games. This also means it will be less likely to bottleneck more powerful GPUs, allowing them to achieve more of their gaming performance potential.

The Phenom II X4 was released over a year more recently than the Core 2 Quad, and so the Phenom II X4 is likely to have better levels of support, and will be more optimized for running the latest games.

The Phenom II X4 and the Core 2 Quad both have 4 cores, which is not likely to be a limiting factor for gaming.

Both the AMD Phenom II X4 830 and the Intel Core 2 Quad Q9400 2.66GHz have the same number of threads. Both CPUs have one thread per physical core.

Multiple threads are useful for improving the performance of multi-threaded applications. Additional cores and their accompanying thread will always be beneficial for multi-threaded applications. Hyperthreading will be beneficial for applications optimized for it, but it may slow others down. For games, the number of threads is largely irrelevant, as long as you have at least 2 cores (preferably 4), and hyperthreading can sometimes even hit performance.

More important for gaming than the number of cores and threads is the clock rate. Problematically, unless the two CPUs are from the same family, this can only serve as a general guide and nothing like an exact comparison, because the clock cycles per instruction (CPI) will vary so much.

The Phenom II X4 and Core 2 Quad are not from the same family of CPUs, so their clock speeds are by no means directly comparable. Bear in mind, then, that while the Phenom II X4 has a 0.14 GHz faster frequency, this is not always an indicator that it will be superior in performance, despite frequency being crucial when trying to avoid GPU bottlenecking. As such, we need to look elsewhere for more reliable comparisons.

Aside from the clock rate, the next-most important CPU features for PC game performance are L2 and L3 cache size. Faster than RAM, the more cache available, the more data that can be stored for lightning-fast retrieval. L1 Cache is not usually an issue anymore for gaming, with most high-end CPUs eking out about the same L1 performance, and L2 is more important than L3 - but L3 is still important if you want to reach the highest levels of performance. Bear in mind that although it is better to have a larger cache, the larger it is, the higher the latency, so a balance has to be struck.

The Core 2 Quad has a 4096 KB bigger L2 cache than the Phenom II X4, and although the Core 2 Quad does not appear to have an L3 cache, its larger L2 cache means that it wins out in this area.

The maximum Thermal Design Power is the power in Watts that the CPU will consume in the worst case scenario. The lithography is the semiconductor manufacturing technology being used to create the CPU - the smaller this is, the more transistors that can be fit into the CPU, and the closer the connections. For both the lithography and the TDP, it is the lower the better, because a lower number means a lower amount of power is necessary to run the CPU, and consequently a lower amount of heat is produced.

Both the Phenom II X4 and the Core 2 Quad have the same TDP of 95 Watts, and were created with the same manufacturing size of 45 nm, which means they will affect your yearly electricity bill about equally.

CPU Core Details

CPU CodenameDenebYorkfield
MoBo SocketSocket AM3LGA 775/ Socket T
Notebook CPUnono
Release Date01 Sep 201010 Aug 2008
CPU LinkGD LinkGD Link
Approved

CPU Technical Specifications

CPU Cores4vs4
CPU Threads4vs4
Clock Speed2.8 GHzvs2.66 GHz
Turbo Frequency-vs-
Max TDP95 Wvs95 W
Lithography45 nmvs45 nm
Bit Width64 Bitvs64 Bit
Max Temperature-vs71°C
Virtualization Technologynovsno
Comparison

CPU Cache and Memory

L1 Cache Size512 KBvs256 KB
L2 Cache Size2048 KBvs6144 KB
L3 Cache Size6 MBvs-
Memory Channels-vs2
ECC Memory Supportnovsno
Comparison

CPU Graphics

Graphics
Base GPU Frequency-vs-
Max GPU Frequency-vs-
DirectX-vs-
Displays Supported-vs-
Comparison

CPU Package and Version Specifications

Package Size-vs-
Revision-vs-
PCIe Revision-vs-
PCIe Configurations-vs-

Gaming Performance Value

Performance Value

CPU Mini Review

Mini ReviewPhenom II X4 830 is a performance processor based on the 45nm, K10 architecture.

It offers 4 Physical Cores (4 Logical), clocked at 2.8GHz and 6MB of L3 Cache.
Among its many features, Virtualization is activated.

The processor DOES NOT integrate any graphics. and has a rated board TDP of 95W.

It is a powerful processor whose performance is good. It's thus capable of running most applications smoothly without any problem.
Core 2 Quad Q9400 2.66GHz is a high-end Processor based on the 45nm Core micro-architecture.

It offers 4 Physical Cores (4 Logical), clocked at 2.66GHz and 6MB of L2 Cache.
Among its many features, Virtualization is activated.

The processor DOES NOT integrate any graphics. and has a rated board TDP of 95W.

It offers average performance. It will therefore become a bottleneck in today's demanding games.

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