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Gaming Performance Comparison

Recommended System Requirements
Game Ryzen 5 5600 6-Core 3.5GHz Ryzen 7 3800XT 8-Core 3.9GHz
Battlefield 2042 39% 51%
Forza Horizon 5 56% 65%
Battlefield 6 39% 51%
Far Cry 6 31% 45%
S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 2 3% 23%
Resident Evil 8 15% 33%
Elden Ring 57% 66%
Grand Theft Auto VI 28% 43%
Avatar: Frontiers of Pandora 51% 61%
Halo Infinite 39% 51%

In terms of overall gaming performance, the AMD Ryzen 7 3800XT 8-Core 3.9GHz is massively better than the AMD Ryzen 5 5600 6-Core 3.5GHz when it comes to running the latest games. This also means it will be less likely to bottleneck more powerful GPUs, allowing them to achieve more of their gaming performance potential.

The Ryzen 5 5600 was released less than a year after the Ryzen 7 3800XT, and so they are likely to have similar levels of support, and similarly optimized performance when running the latest games.

Both CPUs exhibit very powerful performance, so it probably isn't worth upgrading from one to the other, as both are capable of running even the most demanding games at the highest settings (assuming they are accompanied by equivalently powerful GPUs).

The Ryzen 7 3800XT has 2 more cores than the Ryzen 5 5600. 8 cores is probably excessive if you mean to just run the latest games, as games are not yet able to harness this many cores. The cores in the Ryzen 5 5600 is more than enough for gaming purposes. However, if you intend on running a server with the Ryzen 7 3800XT, it would seem to be a decent choice.

The Ryzen 7 3800XT has 4 more threads than the Ryzen 5 5600. Both the Ryzen 5 5600 and the Ryzen 7 3800XT use hyperthreading. The Ryzen 5 5600 has 2 logical threads per physical core and the Ryzen 7 3800XT has 2.

Multiple threads are useful for improving the performance of multi-threaded applications. Additional cores and their accompanying thread will always be beneficial for multi-threaded applications. Hyperthreading will be beneficial for applications optimized for it, but it may slow others down. For games, the number of threads is largely irrelevant, as long as you have at least 2 cores (preferably 4), and hyperthreading can sometimes even hit performance.

More important for gaming than the number of cores and threads is the clock rate. Problematically, unless the two CPUs are from the same family, this can only serve as a general guide and nothing like an exact comparison, because the clock cycles per instruction (CPI) will vary so much.

The Ryzen 5 5600 and Ryzen 7 3800XT are not from the same family of CPUs, so their clock speeds are by no means directly comparable. Bear in mind, then, that while the Ryzen 7 3800XT has a 0.4 GHz faster frequency, this is not always an indicator that it will be superior in performance, despite frequency being crucial when trying to avoid GPU bottlenecking. In this case, however, the difference is enough that it possibly indicates the superiority of the Ryzen 7 3800XT.

Aside from the clock rate, the next-most important CPU features for PC game performance are L2 and L3 cache size. Faster than RAM, the more cache available, the more data that can be stored for lightning-fast retrieval. L1 Cache is not usually an issue anymore for gaming, with most high-end CPUs eking out about the same L1 performance, and L2 is more important than L3 - but L3 is still important if you want to reach the highest levels of performance. Bear in mind that although it is better to have a larger cache, the larger it is, the higher the latency, so a balance has to be struck.

The Ryzen 7 3800XT has a 1024 KB bigger L2 cache than the Ryzen 5 5600, and the two CPUs have the same L3 cache size, so the Ryzen 7 3800XT wins out in this area with its larger L2 cache.

The maximum Thermal Design Power is the power in Watts that the CPU will consume in the worst case scenario. The lithography is the semiconductor manufacturing technology being used to create the CPU - the smaller this is, the more transistors that can be fit into the CPU, and the closer the connections. For both the lithography and the TDP, it is the lower the better, because a lower number means a lower amount of power is necessary to run the CPU, and consequently a lower amount of heat is produced.

The Ryzen 5 5600 has a 40 Watt lower Maximum TDP than the Ryzen 7 3800XT (though they were created with the same size 7 nm manufacturing technology). What this means is the Ryzen 5 5600 will consume significantly less power and consequently produce less heat, enabling more prolonged computational tasks with fewer adverse effects. This will lower your yearly electricity bill significantly, as well as prevent you from having to invest in extra cooling mechanisms (unless you overclock).

CPU Core Details

CPU CodenameZen 3Zen 2
MoBo SocketSocket AM4Socket AM4
Notebook CPUnono
Release Date30 Mar 202107 Jul 2020
CPU LinkGD LinkGD Link
Approved

CPU Technical Specifications

CPU Cores6vs8
CPU Threads12vs16
Clock Speed3.5 GHzvs3.9 GHz
Turbo Frequency4.4 GHzvs4.7 GHz
Max TDP65 Wvs105 W
Lithography7 nmvs7 nm
Bit Width64 Bitvs64 Bit
Max Temperature-vs95°C
Virtualization Technologynovsno
Comparison

CPU Cache and Memory

L1 Cache Size512 KBvs512 KB
L2 Cache Size3072 KBvs4096 KB
L3 Cache Size32 MBvs32 MB
Max Memory Size-vs64 GB
Memory Channels-vs4
ECC Memory Supportnovsno
Comparison

CPU Graphics

Graphics
Base GPU Frequency-vs-
Max GPU Frequency-vs-
DirectX-vs-
Displays Supported-vs-
Comparison

CPU Package and Version Specifications

Package Size-vs-
Revision-vs-
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PCIe Configurations-vs-

Gaming Performance Value

Performance Value

CPU Mini Review

Mini ReviewThe Ryzen 5 5600 6-Core 3.5GHz is a mid to high-range CPU based on AMD's 7nm+ Zen 3 microarchitecture. It offers 6 physical cores (12 logical), initially clocked at 3.5GHz, which may go up to 4.4GHz using Precision Boost. It has an unlocked multiplier, therefore, it can be overclocked using traditional methods. As an AMD 'X' CPU, the Ryzen 5 5600 can use eXtended Frequency Range (XFR) for automated overclocking. It has 32MB of L3 Cache. Level 3 cache is a static memory bank of a processor and it is used to feed it instructions. This processor also supports DDR4 based RAMs with maximum memory support of 64GB. It has a maximum Thermal Power Design of 65W. It is on par with competitor processors. Among its many features are Simultaneous Multithreading, Cool n Quiet, CoolCore Technology, Extended Frequency Range (XFR), Pure Power and Precision Boost are enabled. The Ryzen 7 3800XT 8-Core 3.9GHz is a high-end CPU based on AMD's 7nm Zen 2 microarchitecture. It offers 8 physical cores (16 logical), initially clocked at 3.9GHz, which may go up to 4.7GHz using Precision Boost. It has an unlocked multiplier, therefore, it can be overclocked using traditional methods. As an AMD 'XT' CPU, the Ryzen 5 3800XT can use eXtended Frequency Range (XFR) for automated overclocking. It has 32MB of L3 Cache. Level 3 cache is a static memory bank of a processor and it is used to feed it instructions. This processor also supports DDR4 based RAMs with maximum memory support of 64GB. It has a maximum Thermal Power Design of 105W. It is power efficient compared to competitor processors. Among its many features are Simultaneous Multithreading, Cool n Quiet, CoolCore Technology, Extended Frequency Range (XFR), Pure Power and Precision Boost are enabled.