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Gaming Performance Comparison

Recommended System Requirements
Game Ryzen 9 5900X 12-Core 3.7GHz Core i9-10900X 10-Core 3.7GHz
Cyberpunk 2077 73% 64%
Assassins Creed: Valhalla 64% 51%
Call of Duty: Black Ops Cold War 74% 65%
Hitman 3 64% 51%
Grand Theft Auto VI 56% 40%
FIFA 21 75% 66%
Far Cry 6 58% 43%
Genshin Impact 80% 72%
World of Warcraft: Shadowlands 58% 43%
Watch Dogs Legion 64% 51%

In terms of overall gaming performance, the AMD Ryzen 9 5900X 12-Core 3.7GHz is massively better than the Intel Core i9-10900X 10-Core 3.7GHz when it comes to running the latest games. This also means it will be less likely to bottleneck more powerful GPUs, allowing them to achieve more of their gaming performance potential.

The Ryzen 9 5900X was released less than a year after the Core i9-10900X 10-Core, and so they are likely to have similar levels of support, and similarly optimized performance when running the latest games.

Both CPUs exhibit very powerful performance, so it probably isn't worth upgrading from one to the other, as both are capable of running even the most demanding games at the highest settings (assuming they are accompanied by equivalently powerful GPUs).

The Ryzen 9 5900X has 2 more cores than the Core i9-10900X 10-Core. 12 cores is probably excessive if you mean to just run the latest games, as games are not yet able to harness this many cores. The cores in the Core i9-10900X 10-Core is more than enough for gaming purposes. However, if you intend on running a server with the Ryzen 9 5900X, it would seem to be a decent choice.

The Ryzen 9 5900X has 4 more threads than the Core i9-10900X 10-Core. Both the Ryzen 9 5900X and the Core i9-10900X 10-Core use hyperthreading. The Ryzen 9 5900X has 2 logical threads per physical core and the Core i9-10900X 10-Core has 2.

Multiple threads are useful for improving the performance of multi-threaded applications. Additional cores and their accompanying thread will always be beneficial for multi-threaded applications. Hyperthreading will be beneficial for applications optimized for it, but it may slow others down. For games, the number of threads is largely irrelevant, as long as you have at least 2 cores (preferably 4), and hyperthreading can sometimes even hit performance.

More important for gaming than the number of cores and threads is the clock rate. Problematically, unless the two CPUs are from the same family, this can only serve as a general guide and nothing like an exact comparison, because the clock cycles per instruction (CPI) will vary so much.

The Ryzen 9 5900X and Core i9-10900X 10-Core are not from the same family of CPUs, so their clock speeds are by no means directly comparable. Bear in mind, then, that while the Ryzen 9 5900X has a 0.1 GHz faster frequency, this is not always an indicator that it will be superior in performance, despite frequency being crucial when trying to avoid GPU bottlenecking. As such, we need to look elsewhere for more reliable comparisons.

Aside from the clock rate, the next-most important CPU features for PC game performance are L2 and L3 cache size. Faster than RAM, the more cache available, the more data that can be stored for lightning-fast retrieval. L1 Cache is not usually an issue anymore for gaming, with most high-end CPUs eking out about the same L1 performance, and L2 is more important than L3 - but L3 is still important if you want to reach the highest levels of performance. Bear in mind that although it is better to have a larger cache, the larger it is, the higher the latency, so a balance has to be struck.

The maximum Thermal Design Power is the power in Watts that the CPU will consume in the worst case scenario. The lithography is the semiconductor manufacturing technology being used to create the CPU - the smaller this is, the more transistors that can be fit into the CPU, and the closer the connections. For both the lithography and the TDP, it is the lower the better, because a lower number means a lower amount of power is necessary to run the CPU, and consequently a lower amount of heat is produced.

The Ryzen 9 5900X has a 60 Watt lower Maximum TDP than the Core i9-10900X 10-Core, and was created with a 7 nm smaller manufacturing technology. What this means is the Ryzen 9 5900X will consume significantly less power and consequently produce less heat, enabling more prolonged computational tasks with fewer adverse effects. This will lower your yearly electricity bill significantly, as well as prevent you from having to invest in extra cooling mechanisms (unless you overclock).

CPU Core Details

CPU CodenameZen 3Cascade Lake-X
MoBo SocketSocket AM4Socket 2066
Notebook CPUnono
Release Date20 Oct 202030 Nov 2019
CPU LinkGD LinkGD Link
Approved

CPU Technical Specifications

CPU Cores12vs10
CPU Threads24vs20
Clock Speed3.8 GHzvs3.7 GHz
Turbo Frequency4.8 GHzvs4.7 GHz
Max TDP105 Wvs165 W
Lithography7 nmvs14 nm
Bit Width64 Bitvs64 Bit
Max Temperature95°Cvs-
Virtualization Technologynovsno
Comparison

CPU Cache and Memory

L1 Cache Size768 KBvs-
L2 Cache Size6144 KBvs-
L3 Cache Size64 MBvs19.25 MB
Max Memory Size-vs128 GB
Memory Channels-vs4
ECC Memory Supportnovsno
Comparison

CPU Graphics

Graphics
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Max GPU Frequency-vs-
DirectX-vs-
Displays Supported-vs-
Comparison

CPU Package and Version Specifications

Package Size-vs-
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PCIe Configurations-vs-

Gaming Performance Value

Performance Value

CPU Mini Review

Mini ReviewThe Ryzen 9 5900X is a top-end CPU based on AMD's 7nm+ Zen 3 microarchitecture. It offers 12 physical cores (24 logical), initially clocked at 3.8GHz, which may go up to 4.8GHz using Precision Boost. It has an unlocked multiplier, therefore, it can be overclocked using traditional methods. As an AMD 'X' CPU, the Ryzen 9 5900X can use eXtended Frequency Range (XFR) for automated overclocking. It has 64MB of L3 Cache. Level 3 cache is a static memory bank of a processor and it is used to feed it instructions. This processor also supports DDR4 based RAMs with maximum memory support of 64GB. It has a maximum Thermal Power Design of 105W. This makes the Ryzen 9 5900X a relatively power-hungry CPU, although this is in-line with the high core count. Among its many features are Simultaneous Multithreading, Cool n Quiet, CoolCore Technology, Extended Frequency Range (XFR), Pure Power and Precision Boost are enabled. It features an integrated AMD Radeon Vega GPU with 11 Compute Units that offers low-end graphical performance.The Intel Core i9-10900X 10-Core 3.7GHz is a high-end desktop (HEDT) CPU based on a refinement of the 14nm++ Cascade Lake-X microarchitecture. It is competing against AMD's 3rd Gen Ryzen Threadripper processors. It offers 10 physical cores (20 logical), initially clocked at 3.7GHz, which may go up to 4.7GHz using 4 cores with Turbo Boost 3.0. All core boost clock speeds of 4.3 GHz are possible across all 10 Cores simultaneously. The i9-10900X has 19.25MB of L3 Cache. Among its many features, HyperThreading, Turbo Boost 3.0, and Virtualization are activated. As an 'Extreme' variant, this processor has its multiplier unlocked and overclocking is possible. This Intel Core i9-10900X 10-Core 3.7GHz CPU offers fast gaming performance and will not be the bottleneck in any modern gaming PC. It will be able to play all modern games comfortably on ultra graphics performance at any supported resolution without being a hindrance to the accompanying GPU.