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Gaming Performance Comparison

Recommended System Requirements
Game Core i7-10510U 4-Core 1.80GHz Phenom II X4 P960
Cyberpunk 2077 10% 309%
Hitman 3 49% 451%
Assassins Creed: Valhalla 49% 451%
Resident Evil 8 23% 354%
FIFA 21 3% 283%
Grand Theft Auto VI 82% 572%
Call of Duty: Black Ops Cold War 7% 296%
Genshin Impact 16% 210%
The Medium 90% 602%
Far Cry 6 74% 545%

In terms of overall gaming performance, the Intel Core i7-10510U 4-Core 1.80GHz is massively better than the AMD Phenom II X4 P960 when it comes to running the latest games. This also means it will be less likely to bottleneck more powerful GPUs, allowing them to achieve more of their gaming performance potential.

The Core i7-10510U 4-Core was released over three years more recently than the Phenom II X4, and so the Core i7-10510U 4-Core is likely to have far better levels of support, and will be much more optimized and ultimately superior to the Phenom II X4 when running the latest games.

The Core i7-10510U 4-Core and the Phenom II X4 both have 4 cores, which is not likely to be a limiting factor for gaming.

More important for gaming than the number of cores and threads is the clock rate. Problematically, unless the two CPUs are from the same family, this can only serve as a general guide and nothing like an exact comparison, because the clock cycles per instruction (CPI) will vary so much.

The Core i7-10510U 4-Core and Phenom II X4 are not from the same family of CPUs, so their clock speeds are by no means directly comparable. Bear in mind, then, that while the Core i7-10510U 4-Core and the Phenom II X4 both have the same clock frequency, this is by no means an indicator that the two CPUs will provide the same level of performance. As such, we need to look elsewhere for more reliable comparisons.

Aside from the clock rate, the next-most important CPU features for PC game performance are L2 and L3 cache size. Faster than RAM, the more cache available, the more data that can be stored for lightning-fast retrieval. L1 Cache is not usually an issue anymore for gaming, with most high-end CPUs eking out about the same L1 performance, and L2 is more important than L3 - but L3 is still important if you want to reach the highest levels of performance. Bear in mind that although it is better to have a larger cache, the larger it is, the higher the latency, so a balance has to be struck.

The maximum Thermal Design Power is the power in Watts that the CPU will consume in the worst case scenario. The lithography is the semiconductor manufacturing technology being used to create the CPU - the smaller this is, the more transistors that can be fit into the CPU, and the closer the connections. For both the lithography and the TDP, it is the lower the better, because a lower number means a lower amount of power is necessary to run the CPU, and consequently a lower amount of heat is produced.

The Core i7-10510U 4-Core has a 10 Watt lower Maximum TDP than the Phenom II X4, and was created with a 31 nm smaller manufacturing technology. What this means is the Core i7-10510U 4-Core will consume slightly less power and consequently produce less heat, enabling more prolonged computational tasks with fewer adverse effects. This will lower your yearly electricity bill slightly, as well as prevent you from having to invest in extra cooling mechanisms (unless you overclock).

The Core i7-10510U 4-Core has an on-board GPU, which means that it will be capable of running basic graphics applications (i.e., games) without the need for a dedicated graphics card. The Phenom II X4, however, does not, and you will probably have to look for a dedicated card if you wish to use it at all.

For in-depth GPU comparisons with the Intel UHD Graphics 630, click on the following GPU overview comparison icon (visible throughout Game-Debate), and choose a GPU from the list to compare against:

On-board GPUs tend to be fairly awful in comparison to dedicated cards from the likes of AMD or Nvidia, but as they are built into the CPU, they also tend to be cheaper and require far less power to run (this makes them a good choice for laptops). We would recommend a dedicated card for running the latest games, but integrated GPUs are improving all the time and casual gamers may find less recent games perform perfectly acceptably.

CPU Core Details

CPU Codename-Champlain
MoBo SocketFCBGA1440Socket S1g4
Notebook CPUyesyes
Release Date04 Feb 202030 Sep 2010
CPU LinkGD LinkGD Link
Approved

CPU Technical Specifications

CPU Cores4vs4
CPU Threads8vs-
Clock Speed1.8 GHzvs1.8 GHz
Turbo Frequency4.9 GHzvs-
Max TDP15 Wvs25 W
Lithography14 nmvs45 nm
Bit Width64 Bitvs-
Max Temperature100°Cvs-
Virtualization Technologynovsno
Comparison

CPU Cache and Memory

L1 Cache Size-vs512 KB
L2 Cache Size-vs2048 KB
L3 Cache Size8 MBvs-
Max Memory Size-vs-
Memory Channels-vs-
ECC Memory Supportnovsno
Comparison

CPU Graphics

GraphicsIntel UHD Graphics 630no
Base GPU Frequency-vs-
Max GPU Frequency-vs-
DirectX-vs-
Displays Supported-vs-
Comparison

CPU Package and Version Specifications

Package Size-vs-
Revision-vs-
PCIe Revision-vs-
PCIe Configurations-vs-

Gaming Performance Value

Performance Value

CPU Mini Review

Mini ReviewThe Core i7-10510U 4-Core 1.80GHz is a CPU based on a refinement of the 14nm++ Comet Lake-S microarchitecture. It offers 4 physical cores (8 logical), initially clocked at 1.80 GHz, which may go up to 4.90 GHz using 4 cores with Turbo Boost. The Core i7-10510U has 8MB of L3 Cache.Phenom II X4 P960 is a Quad core mobile CPU based on the Champlain Core and therefore related to the Athlon II X4 Desktop Series.
It features 4 cores, clocked 1.8GHz and the fastest supported memory is DDR3-1066.
Its performance is quite average and decent enough to run most games at high settings fluently, if paired with the appropriate GPU, obviously. However, the most demanding games might still require reduced settings to be played optimally.