Select any two CPUs for comparison
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Gaming Performance Comparison

Recommended System Requirements
Game Core i7-10510U 4-Core 1.80GHz Core i5-4200Y 1.4GHz
Cyberpunk 2077 10% 309%
Hitman 3 49% 451%
Resident Evil 8 23% 355%
Assassins Creed: Valhalla 49% 451%
FIFA 21 3% 283%
Grand Theft Auto VI 82% 573%
Call of Duty: Black Ops Cold War 7% 297%
Genshin Impact 16% 210%
Far Cry 6 74% 546%
The Medium 90% 602%

In terms of overall gaming performance, the Intel Core i7-10510U 4-Core 1.80GHz is massively better than the Intel Core i5-4200Y 1.4GHz when it comes to running the latest games. This also means it will be less likely to bottleneck more powerful GPUs, allowing them to achieve more of their gaming performance potential.

The Core i7-10510U 4-Core was released over three years more recently than the Core i5-4200Y 1.4GHz, and so the Core i7-10510U 4-Core is likely to have far better levels of support, and will be much more optimized and ultimately superior to the Core i5-4200Y 1.4GHz when running the latest games.

The Core i7-10510U 4-Core has 2 more cores than the Core i5-4200Y 1.4GHz. With 4 cores, the Core i7-10510U 4-Core is much less likely to struggle with the latest games, or bottleneck high-end graphics cards when running them.

More important for gaming than the number of cores and threads is the clock rate. Problematically, unless the two CPUs are from the same family, this can only serve as a general guide and nothing like an exact comparison, because the clock cycles per instruction (CPI) will vary so much.

The Core i7-10510U 4-Core and Core i5-4200Y 1.4GHz are not from the same family of CPUs, so their clock speeds are by no means directly comparable. Bear in mind, then, that while the Core i7-10510U 4-Core has a 0.4 GHz faster frequency, this is not always an indicator that it will be superior in performance, despite frequency being crucial when trying to avoid GPU bottlenecking. In this case, however, the difference is enough that it possibly indicates the superiority of the Core i7-10510U 4-Core.

Aside from the clock rate, the next-most important CPU features for PC game performance are L2 and L3 cache size. Faster than RAM, the more cache available, the more data that can be stored for lightning-fast retrieval. L1 Cache is not usually an issue anymore for gaming, with most high-end CPUs eking out about the same L1 performance, and L2 is more important than L3 - but L3 is still important if you want to reach the highest levels of performance. Bear in mind that although it is better to have a larger cache, the larger it is, the higher the latency, so a balance has to be struck.

The maximum Thermal Design Power is the power in Watts that the CPU will consume in the worst case scenario. The lithography is the semiconductor manufacturing technology being used to create the CPU - the smaller this is, the more transistors that can be fit into the CPU, and the closer the connections. For both the lithography and the TDP, it is the lower the better, because a lower number means a lower amount of power is necessary to run the CPU, and consequently a lower amount of heat is produced.

The Core i5-4200Y 1.4GHz has a 3 Watt lower Maximum TDP than the Core i7-10510U 4-Core. However, the Core i7-10510U 4-Core was created with a 8 nm smaller manufacturing technology. Overall, by taking both into account, the Core i7-10510U 4-Core is likely the CPU with the lower heat production and power requirements, by a small amount.

The Core i7-10510U 4-Core and the Core i5-4200Y 1.4GHz both have an on-board GPU, which means that they will be capable of running basic graphics applications (i.e., games) without the need for a dedicated graphics card.

For an in-depth GPU comparison, click on the GPU comparison icon that you can find throughout Game-Debate:

On-board GPUs tend to be fairly awful in comparison to dedicated cards from the likes of AMD or Nvidia, but as they are built into the CPU, they also tend to be cheaper and require far less power to run (this makes them a good choice for laptops). We would recommend a dedicated card for running the latest games, but integrated GPUs are improving all the time and casual gamers may find less recent games perform perfectly acceptably.

CPU Core Details

CPU Codename-Haswell
MoBo SocketFCBGA1440BGA 1168
Notebook CPUyesyes
Release Date04 Feb 202002 Jun 2013
CPU LinkGD LinkGD Link
Approved

CPU Technical Specifications

CPU Cores4vs2
CPU Threads8vs-
Clock Speed1.8 GHzvs1.4 GHz
Turbo Frequency4.9 GHzvs-
Max TDP15 Wvs12 W
Lithography14 nmvs22 nm
Bit Width64 Bitvs-
Max Temperature100°Cvs-
Virtualization Technologynovsno
Comparison

CPU Cache and Memory

L1 Cache Size-vs128 KB
L2 Cache Size-vs512 KB
L3 Cache Size8 MBvs3 MB
Max Memory Size-vs-
Memory Channels-vs-
ECC Memory Supportnovsno
Comparison

CPU Graphics

GraphicsIntel UHD Graphics 630Radeon HD 4200
Base GPU Frequency-vs-
Max GPU Frequency-vs-
DirectX-vs-
Displays Supported-vs-
Comparison

CPU Package and Version Specifications

Package Size-vs-
Revision-vs-
PCIe Revision-vs-
PCIe Configurations-vs-

Gaming Performance Value

Performance Value

CPU Mini Review

Mini ReviewThe Core i7-10510U 4-Core 1.80GHz is a CPU based on a refinement of the 14nm++ Comet Lake-S microarchitecture. It offers 4 physical cores (8 logical), initially clocked at 1.80 GHz, which may go up to 4.90 GHz using 4 cores with Turbo Boost. The Core i7-10510U has 8MB of L3 Cache.Haswell (formerly known as Rockwell) is the codename for a processor microarchitecture developed by Intel as the successor to the Ivy Bridge architecture. It uses the 22 nm process. Intel officially announced CPUs with this microarchitecture on June 4, 2013 at Computex Taipei 2013. With Haswell, Intel introduced a low-power processor designed for convertible or 'hybrid' Ultrabooks, having the Y suffix.