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Gaming Performance Comparison

Recommended System Requirements
Game APU A12-9800 4-Core 3.8GHz FX-9590
Hitman 3 82% 3%
Cyberpunk 2077 35% 28%
Assassins Creed: Valhalla 82% 3%
Resident Evil 8 50% 20%
FIFA 21 26% 32%
Grand Theft Auto VI 122% 19%
Call of Duty: Black Ops Cold War 31% 30%
Genshin Impact 2% 45%
Far Cry 6 113% 14%
The Medium 131% 24%

In terms of overall gaming performance, the AMD FX-9590 is massively better than the AMD APU A12-9800 4-Core 3.8GHz when it comes to running the latest games. This also means it will be less likely to bottleneck more powerful GPUs, allowing them to achieve more of their gaming performance potential.

The APU A12-9800 4-Core was released over three years more recently than the FX-9590, and so the APU A12-9800 4-Core is likely to have far better levels of support, and will be much more optimized and ultimately superior to the FX-9590 when running the latest games.

Both CPUs exhibit very powerful performance, so it probably isn't worth upgrading from one to the other, as both are capable of running even the most demanding games at the highest settings (assuming they are accompanied by equivalently powerful GPUs).

The FX-9590 has 4 more cores than the APU A12-9800 4-Core. 8 cores is probably excessive if you mean to just run the latest games, as games are not yet able to harness this many cores. The cores in the APU A12-9800 4-Core is more than enough for gaming purposes. However, if you intend on running a server with the FX-9590, it would seem to be a decent choice.

The FX-9590 has 4 more threads than the APU A12-9800 4-Core. Both CPUs have one thread per physical core.

Multiple threads are useful for improving the performance of multi-threaded applications. Additional cores and their accompanying thread will always be beneficial for multi-threaded applications. Hyperthreading will be beneficial for applications optimized for it, but it may slow others down. For games, the number of threads is largely irrelevant, as long as you have at least 2 cores (preferably 4), and hyperthreading can sometimes even hit performance.

More important for gaming than the number of cores and threads is the clock rate. Problematically, unless the two CPUs are from the same family, this can only serve as a general guide and nothing like an exact comparison, because the clock cycles per instruction (CPI) will vary so much.

The APU A12-9800 4-Core and FX-9590 are not from the same family of CPUs, so their clock speeds are by no means directly comparable. Bear in mind, then, that while the FX-9590 has a 0.9 GHz faster frequency, this is not always an indicator that it will be superior in performance, despite frequency being crucial when trying to avoid GPU bottlenecking. In this case, however, the difference is probably a good indicator that the FX-9590 is superior.

Aside from the clock rate, the next-most important CPU features for PC game performance are L2 and L3 cache size. Faster than RAM, the more cache available, the more data that can be stored for lightning-fast retrieval. L1 Cache is not usually an issue anymore for gaming, with most high-end CPUs eking out about the same L1 performance, and L2 is more important than L3 - but L3 is still important if you want to reach the highest levels of performance. Bear in mind that although it is better to have a larger cache, the larger it is, the higher the latency, so a balance has to be struck.

The maximum Thermal Design Power is the power in Watts that the CPU will consume in the worst case scenario. The lithography is the semiconductor manufacturing technology being used to create the CPU - the smaller this is, the more transistors that can be fit into the CPU, and the closer the connections. For both the lithography and the TDP, it is the lower the better, because a lower number means a lower amount of power is necessary to run the CPU, and consequently a lower amount of heat is produced.

The APU A12-9800 4-Core has a 185 Watt lower Maximum TDP than the FX-9590. However, the FX-9590 was created with a 28 nm smaller manufacturing technology. Overall, by taking both into account, the APU A12-9800 4-Core and the FX-9590 would appear to produce roughly the same amount of heat, and consume about the same amount of power.

CPU Core Details

CPU CodenameBristol Ridge-
MoBo SocketSocket AM4Socket AM3+
Notebook CPUnono
Release Date27 Jul 201711 Jun 2013
CPU LinkGD LinkGD Link
Approved

CPU Technical Specifications

CPU Cores4vs8
CPU Threads4vs8
Clock Speed3.8 GHzvs4.7 GHz
Turbo Frequency4.2 GHzvs5 GHz
Max TDP35 Wvs220 W
Lithography28 nmvs-
Bit Width64 Bitvs64 Bit
Max Temperature90°Cvs-
Virtualization Technologynovsno
Comparison

CPU Cache and Memory

L1 Cache Size320 KBvs-
L2 Cache Size2048 KBvs-
L3 Cache Size-vs8 MB
Max Memory Size-vs-
Memory Channels-vs2
ECC Memory Supportnovsno
Comparison

CPU Graphics

Graphics
Base GPU Frequency-vs-
Max GPU Frequency-vs-
DirectX-vs-
Displays Supported-vs-
Comparison

CPU Package and Version Specifications

Package Size-vs-
Revision-vs-
PCIe Revision-vs-
PCIe Configurations-vs-

Gaming Performance Value

Performance Value

CPU Mini Review

Mini ReviewThe AMD APU A12-9800 4-Core 3.8GHz is a budget APU based on AMD's 28nm Excavator microarchitecture. It offers 4 physical cores (4 logical) initially clocked at 3.8GHz, rising to 4.2GHz in boost mode. It has an unlocked multiplier and therefore can overclocked using traditional methods. It has 2MB of L2 Cache. This processor also supports DDR4 based RAMs with maximum memory support of 64GB. It has a maximum Thermal Power Design of 35W, making it a low-end, power-efficient CPU. Among its many features are Cool n Quiet, CoolCore Technology, Extended Frequency Range (XFX), Pure Power and Precision Boost are enabled. The APU APU A12-9800 4-Core 3.8GHz features integrated Radeon R7 3rd Gen GCN graphics with 512 Shaders and a maximum clock speed of 1,108MHz. This is a low-end graphics chip that will struggle to run any modern game at 720p.FX-9590 is a high-end CPU based on the 32nm Piledriver architecture.

It offers 8 Physical Cores (8 Logical), initially clocked at 4.7GHz, which may go up to 5.0GHz and 8MB of L3 Cache.
Among its many features, Turbo Core and Virtualization are activated and the clock multiplier is unlocked, meaning it can be overclocked easily.

The processor DOES NOT have any integrated graphics, and has a rated board TDP of 220W.

Compared to its predecessor FX-8350 there's an overall 12% performance boost. Its performance is exceptionally good and enough for even the most demanding applications.