Select any two CPUs for comparison
VS

Gaming Performance Comparison

Recommended System Requirements
Game Core i3-9300 4-Core 3.7GHz Athlon 64 FX-74 Dual Core
Red Dead Redemption 2 30% 285%
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3% 185%
Cyberpunk 2077 11% 227%
Halo: Reach 46% 59%
Star Wars: Jedi - Fallen Order 44% 325%
Detroit: Become Human 11% 229%
Borderlands 3 30% 285%
Microsoft Flight Simulator 42% 319%
Resident Evil 3 Remake 22% 260%
FIFA 20 7% 175%

In terms of overall gaming performance, the Intel Core i3-9300 4-Core 3.7GHz is massively better than the AMD Athlon 64 FX-74 Dual Core when it comes to running the latest games. This also means it will be less likely to bottleneck more powerful GPUs, allowing them to achieve more of their gaming performance potential.

The Core i3-9300 4-Core was released over three years more recently than the Athlon 64 FX-74, and so the Core i3-9300 4-Core is likely to have far better levels of support, and will be much more optimized and ultimately superior to the Athlon 64 FX-74 when running the latest games.

The Core i3-9300 4-Core has 2 more cores than the Athlon 64 FX-74. With 4 cores, the Core i3-9300 4-Core is much less likely to struggle with the latest games, or bottleneck high-end graphics cards when running them.

The Core i3-9300 4-Core has 2 more threads than the Athlon 64 FX-74. Both CPUs have one thread per physical core.

Multiple threads are useful for improving the performance of multi-threaded applications. Additional cores and their accompanying thread will always be beneficial for multi-threaded applications. Hyperthreading will be beneficial for applications optimized for it, but it may slow others down. For games, the number of threads is largely irrelevant, as long as you have at least 2 cores (preferably 4), and hyperthreading can sometimes even hit performance.

More important for gaming than the number of cores and threads is the clock rate. Problematically, unless the two CPUs are from the same family, this can only serve as a general guide and nothing like an exact comparison, because the clock cycles per instruction (CPI) will vary so much.

The Core i3-9300 4-Core and Athlon 64 FX-74 are not from the same family of CPUs, so their clock speeds are by no means directly comparable. Bear in mind, then, that while the Core i3-9300 4-Core has a 0.7 GHz faster frequency, this is not always an indicator that it will be superior in performance, despite frequency being crucial when trying to avoid GPU bottlenecking. In this case, however, the difference is probably a good indicator that the Core i3-9300 4-Core is superior.

Aside from the clock rate, the next-most important CPU features for PC game performance are L2 and L3 cache size. Faster than RAM, the more cache available, the more data that can be stored for lightning-fast retrieval. L1 Cache is not usually an issue anymore for gaming, with most high-end CPUs eking out about the same L1 performance, and L2 is more important than L3 - but L3 is still important if you want to reach the highest levels of performance. Bear in mind that although it is better to have a larger cache, the larger it is, the higher the latency, so a balance has to be struck.

The Athlon 64 FX-74 has a 1024 KB bigger L2 cache than the Core i3-9300 4-Core, and although the Athlon 64 FX-74 does not appear to have an L3 cache, its larger L2 cache means that it wins out in this area.

The maximum Thermal Design Power is the power in Watts that the CPU will consume in the worst case scenario. The lithography is the semiconductor manufacturing technology being used to create the CPU - the smaller this is, the more transistors that can be fit into the CPU, and the closer the connections. For both the lithography and the TDP, it is the lower the better, because a lower number means a lower amount of power is necessary to run the CPU, and consequently a lower amount of heat is produced.

The Core i3-9300 4-Core has a 63 Watt lower Maximum TDP than the Athlon 64 FX-74, and was created with a 76 nm smaller manufacturing technology. What this means is the Core i3-9300 4-Core will consume significantly less power and consequently produce less heat, enabling more prolonged computational tasks with fewer adverse effects. This will lower your yearly electricity bill significantly, as well as prevent you from having to invest in extra cooling mechanisms (unless you overclock).

The Core i3-9300 4-Core has an on-board GPU, which means that it will be capable of running basic graphics applications (i.e., games) without the need for a dedicated graphics card. The Athlon 64 FX-74, however, does not, and you will probably have to look for a dedicated card if you wish to use it at all.

For in-depth GPU comparisons with the Intel UHD Graphics 630, click on the following GPU overview comparison icon (visible throughout Game-Debate), and choose a GPU from the list to compare against:

On-board GPUs tend to be fairly awful in comparison to dedicated cards from the likes of AMD or Nvidia, but as they are built into the CPU, they also tend to be cheaper and require far less power to run (this makes them a good choice for laptops). We would recommend a dedicated card for running the latest games, but integrated GPUs are improving all the time and casual gamers may find less recent games perform perfectly acceptably.

CPU Core Details

CPU CodenameCoffee Lake RWindsor
MoBo SocketLGA 1151Socket F
Notebook CPUnono
Release Date23 Apr 201930 Nov 2006
CPU LinkGD LinkGD Link
Approved

CPU Technical Specifications

CPU Cores4vs2
CPU Threads4vs2
Clock Speed3.7 GHzvs3 GHz
Turbo Frequency4.3 GHzvs-
System Bus -vs2000 MHz
Max TDP62 Wvs125 W
Lithography14 nmvs90 nm
Bit Width64 Bitvs64 Bit
Max Temperature100°Cvs56°C
Virtualization Technologynovsno
Comparison

CPU Cache and Memory

L1 Cache Size256 KBvs256 KB
L2 Cache Size1024 KBvs2048 KB
L3 Cache Size8192 MBvs-
Max Memory Size-vs-
Memory Channels-vs2
ECC Memory Supportnovsno
Comparison

CPU Graphics

GraphicsIntel UHD Graphics 630
Base GPU Frequency350 MHzvs-
Max GPU Frequency1150 MHzvs-
DirectX12vs-
Displays Supported-vs-
Comparison

CPU Package and Version Specifications

Package Size37.5mm x 37.5mmvs-
Revision-vs-
PCIe Revision-vs-
PCIe Configurations-vs-

Gaming Performance Value

Performance Value

CPU Mini Review

Mini ReviewThe Core i3-9300 4-Core 3.7GHz is a low-end desktop CPU based on a refinement of the 14nm++ Coffee Lake microarchitecture. It offers 4 physical cores (4 logical), initially clocked at 3.7GHz, which may go up to 4.3GHz using 4 cores with Turbo Boost. The i3-9300 has 8MB of L3 Cache. This chip supports up to 64GB DDR-2666 MHz memory and features Intel UHD 630 integrated graphics. Among its many features, Turbo Boost 2.0, Optane Memory Support, and Virtualization are activated. It does not feature an unlocked multiplier and therefore cannot be overclocked using traditional methods. This Core i3-9300 CPU offers average gaming performance in 2019 and should not be a major bottleneck in any modern gaming PC. It will be able to play most modern games at 60fps on High graphics performance at any supported resolution without being a hindrance to the accompanying GPU. However, performance may become bottlenecked if playing at 144Hz and 1080p or lower screen resolution.Athlon 64 FX-74 Dual Core is a middle-class Processor based on the 90nm K8 micro-architecture.

It offers 2 Physical Cores (2 Logical), clocked at 3.0GHz and 2MB of L2 Cache.
Among its many features, Virtualization is activated.

The processor DOES NOT integrate any graphics. and has a rated board TDP of 125W.

It offers average performance. This means it will become a bottleneck in some demanding applications.
Note: The rank of this processor is based on its Quad-Core Configuration.

Title

Body