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Gaming Performance Comparison

Recommended System Requirements
Game Core i5-9400F 6-Core 2.9GHz Core i3-4130 3.4GHz
Red Dead Redemption 2 0% 100%
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 26% 48%
Halo: Reach 59% 17%
Cyberpunk 2077 15% 70%
Star Wars: Jedi - Fallen Order 11% 121%
Borderlands 3 0% 100%
Resident Evil 3 Remake 6% 87%
Detroit: Become Human 14% 71%
Microsoft Flight Simulator 9% 118%
FIFA 20 28% 43%

In terms of overall gaming performance, the Intel Core i5-9400F 6-Core 2.9GHz is massively better than the Intel Core i3-4130 3.4GHz when it comes to running the latest games. This also means it will be less likely to bottleneck more powerful GPUs, allowing them to achieve more of their gaming performance potential.

The Core i5-9400F 6-Core was released over three years more recently than the Core i3-4130 3.4GHz, and so the Core i5-9400F 6-Core is likely to have far better levels of support, and will be much more optimized and ultimately superior to the Core i3-4130 3.4GHz when running the latest games.

Both CPUs exhibit very powerful performance, so it probably isn't worth upgrading from one to the other, as both are capable of running even the most demanding games at the highest settings (assuming they are accompanied by equivalently powerful GPUs).

The Core i5-9400F 6-Core has 4 more cores than the Core i3-4130 3.4GHz. With 6 cores, the Core i5-9400F 6-Core is much less likely to struggle with the latest games, or bottleneck high-end graphics cards when running them.

The Core i5-9400F 6-Core has 2 more threads than the Core i3-4130 3.4GHz. The Core i5-9400F 6-Core has one thread per physical core, whereas the Core i3-4130 3.4GHz uses hyperthreading and has 2 logical threads per physical core.

Multiple threads are useful for improving the performance of multi-threaded applications. Additional cores and their accompanying thread will always be beneficial for multi-threaded applications. Hyperthreading will be beneficial for applications optimized for it, but it may slow others down. For games, the number of threads is largely irrelevant, as long as you have at least 2 cores (preferably 4), and hyperthreading can sometimes even hit performance.

More important for gaming than the number of cores and threads is the clock rate. Problematically, unless the two CPUs are from the same family, this can only serve as a general guide and nothing like an exact comparison, because the clock cycles per instruction (CPI) will vary so much.

The Core i5-9400F 6-Core and Core i3-4130 3.4GHz are not from the same family of CPUs, so their clock speeds are by no means directly comparable. Bear in mind, then, that while the Core i3-4130 3.4GHz has a 0.5 GHz faster frequency, this is not always an indicator that it will be superior in performance, despite frequency being crucial when trying to avoid GPU bottlenecking. In this case, however, the difference is enough that it possibly indicates the superiority of the Core i5-9400F 6-Core.

Aside from the clock rate, the next-most important CPU features for PC game performance are L2 and L3 cache size. Faster than RAM, the more cache available, the more data that can be stored for lightning-fast retrieval. L1 Cache is not usually an issue anymore for gaming, with most high-end CPUs eking out about the same L1 performance, and L2 is more important than L3 - but L3 is still important if you want to reach the highest levels of performance. Bear in mind that although it is better to have a larger cache, the larger it is, the higher the latency, so a balance has to be struck.

The maximum Thermal Design Power is the power in Watts that the CPU will consume in the worst case scenario. The lithography is the semiconductor manufacturing technology being used to create the CPU - the smaller this is, the more transistors that can be fit into the CPU, and the closer the connections. For both the lithography and the TDP, it is the lower the better, because a lower number means a lower amount of power is necessary to run the CPU, and consequently a lower amount of heat is produced.

The Core i3-4130 3.4GHz has a 11 Watt lower Maximum TDP than the Core i5-9400F 6-Core. However, the Core i5-9400F 6-Core was created with a 8 nm smaller manufacturing technology. Overall, by taking both into account, the Core i5-9400F 6-Core is likely the CPU with the lower heat production and power requirements, but there really isn't much in it.

The Core i3-4130 3.4GHz has an on-board GPU, which means that it will be capable of running basic graphics applications (i.e., games) without the need for a dedicated graphics card. The Core i5-9400F 6-Core, however, does not, and you will probably have to look for a dedicated card if you wish to use it at all.

For in-depth GPU comparisons with the Intel HD Graphics 4400 Desktop, click on the following GPU overview comparison icon (visible throughout Game-Debate), and choose a GPU from the list to compare against:

On-board GPUs tend to be fairly awful in comparison to dedicated cards from the likes of AMD or Nvidia, but as they are built into the CPU, they also tend to be cheaper and require far less power to run (this makes them a good choice for laptops). We would recommend a dedicated card for running the latest games, but integrated GPUs are improving all the time and casual gamers may find less recent games perform perfectly acceptably.

CPU Core Details

CPU CodenameCoffee LakeHaswell
MoBo SocketLGA 1151LGA 1150
Notebook CPUnono
Release Date31 Jan 201930 Sep 2013
CPU LinkGD LinkGD Link
Approved

CPU Technical Specifications

CPU Cores6vs2
CPU Threads6vs4
Clock Speed2.9 GHzvs3.4 GHz
Turbo Frequency4.1 GHzvs-
Max TDP65 Wvs54 W
Lithography14 nmvs22 nm
Bit Width64 Bitvs64 Bit
Max Temperature100°Cvs72°C
Virtualization Technologynovsno
Comparison

CPU Cache and Memory

L1 Cache Size-vs128 KB
L2 Cache Size-vs512 KB
L2 Cache Speed-vs-
L3 Cache Size9 MBvs3 MB
Max Memory Size-vs32 GB
Memory Channels-vs2
ECC Memory Supportnovsno
Comparison

CPU Graphics

GraphicsIntel HD Graphics 4400 Desktop
Base GPU Frequency-vs-
Max GPU Frequency-vs-
DirectX-vs11.1
Displays Supported-vs-
Comparison

CPU Package and Version Specifications

Package Size37.5mm x 37.5mmvs-
Revision-vs-
PCIe Revision-vs-
PCIe Configurations-vs-

Gaming Performance Value

Performance Value

CPU Mini Review

Mini ReviewThe Intel Core i5-9400F 6-Core 2.9GHz is a mid-range CPU based on Intel's 9th Gen 14nm, Coffee Lake refresh microarchitecture. It offers 6 physical cores (6 logical) initially clocked at 2.9GHz, which may go up to 4.1GHz using Turbo Boost. It does not have an unlocked multiplier and therefore cannot be overclocked using traditional methods. It has 9MB of SmartCache. Intel SmartCache refers to the architecture that allows all cores to dynamically share access to the last level cache. Level 3 cache is a static memory bank of a processor and it is used to feed it instructions. This processor also supports DDR4 based RAMs with maximum memory support of 64GB. The Core i5-9400F 6-Core 2.9GHz has a maximum Thermal Power Design of 65W. It is on par with competitor processors. Among its many advanced features are Intel Optane Memory support, Intel Turbo Boost 2.0 and Virtualization technology. It Core i5-9400F 6-Core 2.9GHz features no onboard integrated graphics. This CPU is likely to offer decent computational performance and will not be a bottleneck in all but the most CPU-intensive AAA games in 2019.Core i3-4130 3.4GHz is a middle-class CPU based on the 22nm, Haswell architecture.

It offers 2 Physical Cores (4 Logical), clocked at 3.4GHz and 3MB of L3 Cache.
Among its many features, Turbo Boost and HyperThreading are activated.

The processor integrates powerful Graphics called Intel HD Graphics 4400, with 20 Execution Units, initially clocked at 350MHz and that go up to 1150MHz, in Turbo Mode which share the L2 Cache and system RAM with the processor.
Both the processor and integrated graphics have a rated board TDP of 54W.

It is a powerful processor whose performance is good. It's thus capable of running most applications smoothly without any problem.

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