Select any two CPUs for comparison
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Gaming Performance Comparison

Recommended System Requirements
Game Celeron J1850 2.0GHz Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz
Cyberpunk 2077 375% 18%
Assassins Creed: Valhalla 539% 58%
Call of Duty: Black Ops Cold War 360% 14%
Watch Dogs Legion 539% 58%
Godfall 817% 127%
FIFA 21 344% 10%
Microsoft Flight Simulator 438% 33%
Grand Theft Auto VI 680% 93%
World of Warcraft: Shadowlands 638% 83%
Genshin Impact 259% 11%

In terms of overall gaming performance, the Intel Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz is massively better than the Intel Celeron J1850 2.0GHz when it comes to running the latest games. This also means it will be less likely to bottleneck more powerful GPUs, allowing them to achieve more of their gaming performance potential.

The Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz was released less than a year after the Celeron J1850 2.0GHz, and so they are likely to have similar levels of support, and similarly optimized performance when running the latest games.

The Celeron J1850 2.0GHz and the Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz both have 4 cores, which is not likely to be a limiting factor for gaming.

Both the Intel Celeron J1850 2.0GHz and the Intel Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz have the same number of threads. Both CPUs have one thread per physical core.

Multiple threads are useful for improving the performance of multi-threaded applications. Additional cores and their accompanying thread will always be beneficial for multi-threaded applications. Hyperthreading will be beneficial for applications optimized for it, but it may slow others down. For games, the number of threads is largely irrelevant, as long as you have at least 2 cores (preferably 4), and hyperthreading can sometimes even hit performance.

More important for gaming than the number of cores and threads is the clock rate. Problematically, unless the two CPUs are from the same family, this can only serve as a general guide and nothing like an exact comparison, because the clock cycles per instruction (CPI) will vary so much.

The Celeron J1850 2.0GHz and Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz are not from the same family of CPUs, so their clock speeds are by no means directly comparable. Bear in mind, then, that while the Celeron J1850 2.0GHz and the Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz both have the same clock frequency, this is by no means an indicator that the two CPUs will provide the same level of performance. As such, we need to look elsewhere for more reliable comparisons.

Aside from the clock rate, the next-most important CPU features for PC game performance are L2 and L3 cache size. Faster than RAM, the more cache available, the more data that can be stored for lightning-fast retrieval. L1 Cache is not usually an issue anymore for gaming, with most high-end CPUs eking out about the same L1 performance, and L2 is more important than L3 - but L3 is still important if you want to reach the highest levels of performance. Bear in mind that although it is better to have a larger cache, the larger it is, the higher the latency, so a balance has to be struck.

The Celeron J1850 2.0GHz has a 1024 KB bigger L2 cache than the Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz, and although the Celeron J1850 2.0GHz does not appear to have an L3 cache, its larger L2 cache means that it wins out in this area.

The maximum Thermal Design Power is the power in Watts that the CPU will consume in the worst case scenario. The lithography is the semiconductor manufacturing technology being used to create the CPU - the smaller this is, the more transistors that can be fit into the CPU, and the closer the connections. For both the lithography and the TDP, it is the lower the better, because a lower number means a lower amount of power is necessary to run the CPU, and consequently a lower amount of heat is produced.

The Celeron J1850 2.0GHz has a 25 Watt lower Maximum TDP than the Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz (though they were created with the same size 22 nm manufacturing technology). What this means is the Celeron J1850 2.0GHz will consume significantly less power and consequently produce less heat, enabling more prolonged computational tasks with fewer adverse effects. This will lower your yearly electricity bill significantly, as well as prevent you from having to invest in extra cooling mechanisms (unless you overclock).

The Celeron J1850 2.0GHz and the Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz both have an on-board GPU, which means that they will be capable of running basic graphics applications (i.e., games) without the need for a dedicated graphics card.

For an in-depth GPU comparison, click on the GPU comparison icon that you can find throughout Game-Debate:

On-board GPUs tend to be fairly awful in comparison to dedicated cards from the likes of AMD or Nvidia, but as they are built into the CPU, they also tend to be cheaper and require far less power to run (this makes them a good choice for laptops). We would recommend a dedicated card for running the latest games, but integrated GPUs are improving all the time and casual gamers may find less recent games perform perfectly acceptably.

CPU Core Details

CPU CodenameBay Trail-DHaswell
MoBo SocketBGA 1170LGA 1150
Notebook CPUnono
Release Date11 Sep 201314 May 2014
CPU LinkGD LinkGD Link
Approved

CPU Technical Specifications

CPU Cores4vs4
CPU Threads4vs4
Clock Speed2 GHzvs2 GHz
Turbo Frequency-vs3 GHz
Max TDP10 Wvs35 W
Lithography22 nmvs22 nm
Bit Width64 Bitvs64 Bit
Max Temperature100°Cvs100°C
Virtualization Technologynovsno
Comparison

CPU Cache and Memory

L1 Cache Size224 KBvs256 KB
L2 Cache Size2048 KBvs1024 KB
L3 Cache Size-vs6 MB
Max Memory Size-vs32 GB
Memory Channels-vs2
ECC Memory Supportnovsno
Comparison

CPU Graphics

GraphicsIntel HD Graphics Desktop (Bay Trail)Intel HD Graphics 4600 Desktop
Base GPU Frequency311 MHzvs400 MHz
Max GPU Frequency896 MHzvs1250 MHz
DirectX11.1vs11.1
Displays Supported-vs-
Comparison

CPU Package and Version Specifications

Package Size-vs-
Revision-vs-
PCIe Revision-vs-
PCIe Configurations-vs-

Gaming Performance Value

Performance Value

CPU Mini Review

Mini ReviewCeleron J1850 2.0GHz is a budget CPU based on the 22nm, Silvermont architecture.

It offers 4 Physical Cores (4 Logical), clocked at 2.0GHz and 2MB of L2 Cache.
Among its many features, Virtualization is activated.

The processor integrates very weak Graphics called Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail), with 4 Execution Units, initially clocked at 688MHz, which may go up to 792MHz and share the L2 Cache and system RAM with the processor.
Both the processor and integrated graphics have a rated board TDP of 10W.

Its performance is below the average and so most demanding games will not run optimally.
Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz is a super energy efficient CPU based on the 22nm, Haswell architecture.

It offers 4 Physical Cores (4 Logical), initially clocked at 2.0GHz, which may go up to 3.0GHz and 6MB of L3 Cache.
Among its many features, Turbo Boost and Virtualization are activated.

The processor integrates powerful Graphics called Intel HD Graphics 4600, with 20 Execution Units, initially clocked at 350MHz and that go up to 1150MHz, in Turbo Mode which share the L2 Cache and system RAM with the processor.
Both the processor and integrated graphics have a rated board TDP of 65W.

Its performance is very good and sufficient for extreme gaming.