Select any two CPUs for comparison
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Gaming Performance Comparison

Recommended System Requirements
Game Core i3-4160 3.6GHz Core i5-650 3.2GHz
Cyberpunk 2077 46% 103%
Hitman 3 97% 174%
Assassins Creed: Valhalla 97% 174%
Resident Evil 8 62% 126%
FIFA 21 37% 90%
Grand Theft Auto VI 140% 234%
Call of Duty: Black Ops Cold War 41% 97%
The Medium 151% 249%
Genshin Impact 11% 54%
Far Cry 6 130% 221%

In terms of overall gaming performance, the Intel Core i3-4160 3.6GHz is massively better than the Intel Core i5-650 3.2GHz when it comes to running the latest games. This also means it will be less likely to bottleneck more powerful GPUs, allowing them to achieve more of their gaming performance potential.

The Core i3-4160 3.6GHz was released over three years more recently than the Core i5-650 3.2GHz, and so the Core i3-4160 3.6GHz is likely to have far better levels of support, and will be much more optimized and ultimately superior to the Core i5-650 3.2GHz when running the latest games.

The Core i3-4160 3.6GHz and the Core i5-650 3.2GHz both have 2 cores, and so are quite likely to struggle with the latest games, or at least bottleneck high-end graphics cards when running them. With a decent accompanying GPU, the Core i3-4160 3.6GHz and the Core i5-650 3.2GHz may still be able to run slightly older games fairly effectively.

Both the Intel Core i3-4160 3.6GHz and the Intel Core i5-650 3.2GHz have the same number of threads. Both the Core i3-4160 3.6GHz and the Core i5-650 3.2GHz use hyperthreading. The Core i3-4160 3.6GHz has 2 logical threads per physical core and the Core i5-650 3.2GHz has 2.

Multiple threads are useful for improving the performance of multi-threaded applications. Additional cores and their accompanying thread will always be beneficial for multi-threaded applications. Hyperthreading will be beneficial for applications optimized for it, but it may slow others down. For games, the number of threads is largely irrelevant, as long as you have at least 2 cores (preferably 4), and hyperthreading can sometimes even hit performance.

More important for gaming than the number of cores and threads is the clock rate. Problematically, unless the two CPUs are from the same family, this can only serve as a general guide and nothing like an exact comparison, because the clock cycles per instruction (CPI) will vary so much.

The Core i3-4160 3.6GHz and Core i5-650 3.2GHz are not from the same family of CPUs, so their clock speeds are by no means directly comparable. Bear in mind, then, that while the Core i3-4160 3.6GHz has a 0.4 GHz faster frequency, this is not always an indicator that it will be superior in performance, despite frequency being crucial when trying to avoid GPU bottlenecking. In this case, however, the difference is enough that it possibly indicates the superiority of the .

Aside from the clock rate, the next-most important CPU features for PC game performance are L2 and L3 cache size. Faster than RAM, the more cache available, the more data that can be stored for lightning-fast retrieval. L1 Cache is not usually an issue anymore for gaming, with most high-end CPUs eking out about the same L1 performance, and L2 is more important than L3 - but L3 is still important if you want to reach the highest levels of performance. Bear in mind that although it is better to have a larger cache, the larger it is, the higher the latency, so a balance has to be struck.

The Core i3-4160 3.6GHz and the Core i5-650 3.2GHz have the same L2 cache size, but the Core i5-650 3.2GHz has a 1 MB bigger L3 cache, so in this area, it wins out over the Core i3-4160 3.6GHz.

The maximum Thermal Design Power is the power in Watts that the CPU will consume in the worst case scenario. The lithography is the semiconductor manufacturing technology being used to create the CPU - the smaller this is, the more transistors that can be fit into the CPU, and the closer the connections. For both the lithography and the TDP, it is the lower the better, because a lower number means a lower amount of power is necessary to run the CPU, and consequently a lower amount of heat is produced.

The Core i3-4160 3.6GHz has a 19 Watt lower Maximum TDP than the Core i5-650 3.2GHz, and was created with a 10 nm smaller manufacturing technology. What this means is the Core i3-4160 3.6GHz will consume slightly less power and consequently produce less heat, enabling more prolonged computational tasks with fewer adverse effects. This will lower your yearly electricity bill slightly, as well as prevent you from having to invest in extra cooling mechanisms (unless you overclock).

The Core i3-4160 3.6GHz and the Core i5-650 3.2GHz both have an on-board GPU, which means that they will be capable of running basic graphics applications (i.e., games) without the need for a dedicated graphics card.

For an in-depth GPU comparison, click on the GPU comparison icon that you can find throughout Game-Debate:

On-board GPUs tend to be fairly awful in comparison to dedicated cards from the likes of AMD or Nvidia, but as they are built into the CPU, they also tend to be cheaper and require far less power to run (this makes them a good choice for laptops). We would recommend a dedicated card for running the latest games, but integrated GPUs are improving all the time and casual gamers may find less recent games perform perfectly acceptably.

CPU Core Details

CPU CodenameHaswellClarkdale
MoBo SocketLGA 1150LGA 1156/Socket H
Notebook CPUnono
Release Date20 Jul 201407 Jan 2010
CPU LinkGD LinkGD Link
Approved

CPU Technical Specifications

CPU Cores2vs2
CPU Threads4vs4
Clock Speed3.6 GHzvs3.2 GHz
Turbo Frequency-vs3.46 GHz
Max TDP54 Wvs73 W
Lithography22 nmvs32 nm
Bit Width64 Bitvs64 Bit
Max Temperature72°Cvs73°C
Virtualization Technologynovsno
Comparison

CPU Cache and Memory

L1 Cache Size128 KBvs128 KB
L2 Cache Size512 KBvs512 KB
L3 Cache Size3 MBvs4 MB
Max Memory Size-vs16 GB
Memory Channels-vs2
ECC Memory Supportnovsno
Comparison

CPU Graphics

GraphicsIntel HD Graphics 4400 DesktopHD i5 650
Base GPU Frequency-vs733 MHz
Max GPU Frequency-vs-
DirectX11.1vs10
Displays Supported-vs-
Comparison

CPU Package and Version Specifications

Package Size-vs-
Revision-vs-
PCIe Revision-vs-
PCIe Configurations-vs-

Gaming Performance Value

Battlefield 3vs
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2vs
FIFA 15vs
Call of Duty 7: Black Opsvs
Performance Value

CPU Mini Review

Mini ReviewCore i3-4160 3.6GHz is a middle-class CPU based on the 22nm, Haswell architecture.

It offers 2 Physical Cores (4 Logical), clocked at 3.6GHz and 3MB of L3 Cache.
Among its many features, Turbo Boost and HyperThreading are activated.

The processor integrates powerful Graphics called Intel HD Graphics 4400, with 20 Execution Units, initially clocked at 350MHz and that go up to 1150MHz, in Turbo Mode which share the L2 Cache and system RAM with the processor.
Both the processor and integrated graphics have a rated board TDP of 54W.

It is a powerful processor whose performance is good. It's thus capable of running most applications smoothly without any problem.
Core i5-650 3.2GHz is a performance CPU based on the 45nm, Nehalem architecture.

It offers 2 Physical Cores (4 Logical), initially clocked at 3.2GHz, which may go up to 3.46GHz and 4MB of L3 Cache.
Among its many features, Hyper-Threading, Turbo Boost and Virtualization are activated.

The processor integrates very weak Graphics called Intel i5 650, with XX Execution Units, clocked at 733MHz which share the L2 Cache and system RAM with the processor.
Both the processor and integrated graphics have a rated board TDP of 73W.

It offers average performance. This means it will become a bottleneck in some demanding applications.