Select any two CPUs for comparison
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Gaming Performance Comparison

Recommended System Requirements
Game FX-9590 Core i5-2400S 2.5GHz
Cyberpunk 2077 28% 37%
Hitman 3 3% 84%
Assassins Creed: Valhalla 3% 84%
Resident Evil 8 20% 52%
FIFA 21 32% 28%
Grand Theft Auto VI 19% 125%
Call of Duty: Black Ops Cold War 30% 33%
Genshin Impact 45% 4%
The Medium 24% 135%
Far Cry 6 14% 116%

In terms of overall gaming performance, the AMD FX-9590 is massively better than the Intel Core i5-2400S 2.5GHz when it comes to running the latest games. This also means it will be less likely to bottleneck more powerful GPUs, allowing them to achieve more of their gaming performance potential.

The FX-9590 was released over a year more recently than the Core i5-2400S 2.5GHz, and so the FX-9590 is likely to have better levels of support, and will be more optimized for running the latest games.

Both CPUs exhibit very powerful performance, so it probably isn't worth upgrading from one to the other, as both are capable of running even the most demanding games at the highest settings (assuming they are accompanied by equivalently powerful GPUs).

The FX-9590 has 4 more cores than the Core i5-2400S 2.5GHz. 8 cores is probably excessive if you mean to just run the latest games, as games are not yet able to harness this many cores. The cores in the Core i5-2400S 2.5GHz is more than enough for gaming purposes. However, if you intend on running a server with the FX-9590, it would seem to be a decent choice.

The FX-9590 has 4 more threads than the Core i5-2400S 2.5GHz. Both CPUs have one thread per physical core.

Multiple threads are useful for improving the performance of multi-threaded applications. Additional cores and their accompanying thread will always be beneficial for multi-threaded applications. Hyperthreading will be beneficial for applications optimized for it, but it may slow others down. For games, the number of threads is largely irrelevant, as long as you have at least 2 cores (preferably 4), and hyperthreading can sometimes even hit performance.

More important for gaming than the number of cores and threads is the clock rate. Problematically, unless the two CPUs are from the same family, this can only serve as a general guide and nothing like an exact comparison, because the clock cycles per instruction (CPI) will vary so much.

The FX-9590 and Core i5-2400S 2.5GHz are not from the same family of CPUs, so their clock speeds are by no means directly comparable. Bear in mind, then, that while the FX-9590 has a 2.2 GHz faster frequency, this is not always an indicator that it will be superior in performance, despite frequency being crucial when trying to avoid GPU bottlenecking. In this case, however, the difference is probably a good indicator that the FX-9590 is superior.

Aside from the clock rate, the next-most important CPU features for PC game performance are L2 and L3 cache size. Faster than RAM, the more cache available, the more data that can be stored for lightning-fast retrieval. L1 Cache is not usually an issue anymore for gaming, with most high-end CPUs eking out about the same L1 performance, and L2 is more important than L3 - but L3 is still important if you want to reach the highest levels of performance. Bear in mind that although it is better to have a larger cache, the larger it is, the higher the latency, so a balance has to be struck.

The maximum Thermal Design Power is the power in Watts that the CPU will consume in the worst case scenario. The lithography is the semiconductor manufacturing technology being used to create the CPU - the smaller this is, the more transistors that can be fit into the CPU, and the closer the connections. For both the lithography and the TDP, it is the lower the better, because a lower number means a lower amount of power is necessary to run the CPU, and consequently a lower amount of heat is produced.

The Core i5-2400S 2.5GHz has a 155 Watt lower Maximum TDP than the FX-9590. However, the FX-9590 was created with a 32 nm smaller manufacturing technology. Overall, by taking both into account, the FX-9590 and the Core i5-2400S 2.5GHz would appear to produce roughly the same amount of heat, and consume about the same amount of power.

The Core i5-2400S 2.5GHz has an on-board GPU, which means that it will be capable of running basic graphics applications (i.e., games) without the need for a dedicated graphics card. The FX-9590, however, does not, and you will probably have to look for a dedicated card if you wish to use it at all.

For in-depth GPU comparisons with the Intel HD Graphics 2500 Desktop, click on the following GPU overview comparison icon (visible throughout Game-Debate), and choose a GPU from the list to compare against:

On-board GPUs tend to be fairly awful in comparison to dedicated cards from the likes of AMD or Nvidia, but as they are built into the CPU, they also tend to be cheaper and require far less power to run (this makes them a good choice for laptops). We would recommend a dedicated card for running the latest games, but integrated GPUs are improving all the time and casual gamers may find less recent games perform perfectly acceptably.

CPU Core Details

CPU Codename-Sandy Bridge
MoBo SocketSocket AM3+LGA 1155/Socket H2
Notebook CPUnono
Release Date11 Jun 201309 Jan 2011
CPU LinkGD LinkGD Link
Approved

CPU Technical Specifications

CPU Cores8vs4
CPU Threads8vs4
Clock Speed4.7 GHzvs2.5 GHz
Turbo Frequency5 GHzvs3.3 GHz
Max TDP220 Wvs65 W
Lithography-vs32 nm
Bit Width64 Bitvs64 Bit
Max Temperature-vs69°C
Virtualization Technologynovsno
Comparison

CPU Cache and Memory

L1 Cache Size-vs256 KB
L2 Cache Size-vs1024 KB
L3 Cache Size8 MBvs6 MB
Max Memory Size-vs32 GB
Memory Channels-vs2
ECC Memory Supportnovsno
Comparison

CPU Graphics

GraphicsIntel HD Graphics 2500 Desktop
Base GPU Frequency-vs650 MHz
Max GPU Frequency-vs-
DirectX-vs11
Displays Supported-vs-
Comparison

CPU Package and Version Specifications

Package Size-vs-
Revision-vs-
PCIe Revision-vs-
PCIe Configurations-vs-

Gaming Performance Value

Performance Value

CPU Mini Review

Mini ReviewFX-9590 is a high-end CPU based on the 32nm Piledriver architecture.

It offers 8 Physical Cores (8 Logical), initially clocked at 4.7GHz, which may go up to 5.0GHz and 8MB of L3 Cache.
Among its many features, Turbo Core and Virtualization are activated and the clock multiplier is unlocked, meaning it can be overclocked easily.

The processor DOES NOT have any integrated graphics, and has a rated board TDP of 220W.

Compared to its predecessor FX-8350 there's an overall 12% performance boost. Its performance is exceptionally good and enough for even the most demanding applications.
Core i5-2400S 2.5GHz is an energy efficient CPU based on the 32nm, Sandy Bridge architecture.

It offers 4 Physical Cores (4 Logical), initially clocked at 2.5GHz, which may go up to 3.3GHz and 6MB of L3 Cache.
Among its many features, Turbo Boost and Virtualization are activated.

The processor integrates weak Graphics called Intel HD Graphics 2000, with 6 Execution Units, initially clocked at 850MHz and that go up to 1100MHz, in Turbo Mode which share the L2 Cache and system RAM with the processor.
Both the processor and integrated graphics have a rated board TDP of 65W.

It is a powerful Quad Core whose performance is good. It's thus capable of running most applications smoothly without any problem.